Vaikom near Kottayam in Kerala state is a ‘temple town’ – growing around its Shiva Temple – like its more famous counterpart the Guruvayur-town which also is centered on a temple. It lies between Ernakulam and Kottayam. Vaikom is the oldest township in Kottayam, and among the oldest in South India. It was here that the famous Vaikom Satyagraha, an epic struggle for eradication of untouchability, took place.
Vaikom is a very beautiful place with backwaters and paddy fields. It is just 30 Kms away from Cochin and 33 Kms from Kottayam.
An ancient temple called Vaikom Mahadeva Temple is the centre of attraction at Vaikom. The Vaikom Shiva Temple, known as Thekkan Kashi, is the heart of the town, and is remarkable for the Vaikom Ashtamicelebrations during November.
The traditional economy has been based on coconut and rice crops, and fishing; more recently, crops like nutmeg, black pepper, and latexhave also been introduced. Tourism and software are also pursued as means to livelihood. Hindustan Newsprint Limited is situated in Velloornear Vaikom.